Thousands marched through Budapest’s city centre on Saturday to protest against a new law that allows employers to ask staff to work up to 400 hours per year of overtime.
Opposition groups have staged several rallies in the past weeks in the Hungarian capital and other cities against what they said was an authoritarian rule of conservative nationalist Viktor Orban.
Saturday’s rally, organised by opposition parties, trade unions and civic groups, mainly targeted the new labour law dubbed by critics as “slave law”.
The protesters marched in snowfall from the historic Heroes Square to the parliament building on the bank of the Danube river, carrying banners such as “Sweep away the regime”.
“We disagree with almost everything that is going on since this government got into power (in 2010), from corruption to pseudo-democracy,” said 50-year old housewife Eva Demeter.
She said more Hungarians were pouring onto the streets because the slave law “affects a bigger crowd”.
Some of the protesters posted on social media or carried banners calling for a “national strike”.
The modification to the labour code passed by parliament last month has faced intense criticism and sparked the biggest street protest in over a year. Potentially, it could add two extra hours to an average work day, or the equivalent of an extra workday per week.
Zoltan Mucsi, the head of steelmaker Dunaferr’s Vasas trade union, said it was undemocratic that the government did not discuss the labour code changes with the unions.
Some of the main trade union groups may resort to a strike if the government does not sit down with them to negotiate, he told Reuters.
Trade union membership in Hungary is estimated at below a tenth of the workforce, about half the level in Germany, according to data from the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
The past weeks’ anti-government rallies were also against a law that sets up new courts which critics say could be politically manipulated, and against bias in state-controlled media.
The earlier protests have been mostly peaceful, though there were some clashes with police who used tear gas.
The ruling Fidesz party reiterated in a statement on Thursday that the protests were part of a campaign for the European Parliament elections in May to help those who support mass migration into the European Union.
Fidesz won Hungarian elections with a landslide last year, with the ticket of resisting mass immigration into the EU.