Fourteen European Union countries including Germany, France and Cyprus have proposed a rapid military response force that could intervene early in international crises, a senior EU official has said – two decades after a previous attempt.
The countries say the EU should create a brigade of 5,000 soldiers, possibly with ships and aircraft, to help democratic foreign governments needing urgent help, the official said.
EU defence ministers will take up the idea on Thursday at a regular meeting chaired by EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell, who has chided the bloc for reluctance to intervene more abroad, particularly in failing states such as Libya.
The 14 countries are Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia and Spain.
First discussed in 1999, the EU in 2007 set up a combat-ready system of battlegroups of 1,500 personnel to respond to crises, but they have never been used. Those battle groups could now form the basis of a so-called First Entry Force, part of a new momentum towards more EU defence capabilities.
From this year, the bloc has a joint budget to develop weaponry together, is drawing up a military doctrine for 2022 and detailed its military weakness last year for the first time.
“Borrell has always said the EU needs to learn the language of power,” the official said, referring in part to military force.
With its economic power, the bloc has been able to boast of a “soft power” to spread influence through trade and aid, with only limited military missions around the world.
It has traditionally relied on U.S.-led NATO for military action but successive U.S. presidents, notably Donald Trump, demanded the EU do more for its own security, particularly on its borders, even if NATO remains committed to Europe’s defense.
Britain’s departure from the EU has also given new urgency to the bloc’s ambitions as it can no longer rely on London.
But it is also freed from the constraints that British governments put on EU defense development, fearing the creation of an EU army weakening national identity.