Archaeological Sites Paphos Paphos' Tombs of the Kings: one of the world heritage sites

Paphos’ Tombs of the Kings: one of the world heritage sites

The Tombs of the Kings is a large necropolis lying about two kilometres north of Paphos harbour in Cyprus. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Location

Cyprus, Paphos, Tombs Of The Kings, Archaeology

The underground tombs, many of which date back to the 4th century BC, are carved out of solid rock, and are thought to have been the burial sites of Paphitic aristocrats and high officials up to the third century AD (the name comes from the magnificence of the tombs; no kings were in fact buried here)

Cyprus, Paphos, Tombs Of The Kings, Archaeology

Cyprus, Paphos, Tombs Of The Kings, ArchaeologySome of the tombs feature Doric columns and frescoed walls. Archaeological excavations are still being carried out at the site. The tombs are cut into the native rock, and at times imitated the houses of the living

Cyprus, Paphos, Tombs Of The Kings, Archaeology

Cyprus, Paphos, Tombs Of The Kings, Archaeology

The tombs have been known and casually explored for centuries[citation needed]. The oldest modern account was written by Richard Pockocke, in 1783. Almost a century later, in 1870 the first archaeological excavations were conducted by Luigi Palma di Cesnola, the Italian-born American consul to Cyprus. In 1915 the first excavations under scientific supervision took place, led by Menelaos Markides, who was the curator of the Cyprus Museum

Cyprus, Paphos, Tombs Of The Kings, Archaeology

Systematic excavations took place in the late 1970s and the 1980s under the direction of Dr Sophocles Hadjisavvas, former Director of Antiquities of the Republic of Cyprus. Dr Hadjisavvas is preparating the finds for publication with assistance from the Australian archaeological mission to Paphos.

Part of the importance of the tombs lies in the Paphian habit of including Rhodian amphorae among the offerings in a burial. Through the manufacturing stamps placed on the handles of these amphorae, it is possible to give them a date and, through them, the other material from the same burial

Cyprus, Paphos, Tombs Of The Kings, Archaeology

Thus, it is hoped to develop a more secure chronology for archaeological material in the Eastern Mediterranean of the Hellenistic and early Roman periods

Cyprus, Paphos, Tombs Of The Kings, Archaeology

It is reported that much of the information related to the tombs was lost over time. Several factors contributed to that: It is believed that many of the tombs were rich in expensive grave goods, despite that very few of such goods were to found by the official archaeological missions, and thus it is believed that grave robbers of the past were responsible

Cyprus, Paphos, Tombs Of The Kings, Archaeology

Also, the tombs’ proximity to the sea side hindered the preservation of the buried bodies. Despite those obstacles, the historical significance of the Tombs is well established among experts and locals

Tombs of the Kings by Paride8.JPG

By Romeparis 

Tombs of the Kings (Pafo) by Paride3.JPG

By Romeparis 

Tombs of the Kings (Pafo) by Paride2.JPG

By Romeparis 

Source:

Wikipedia

Photos:

Pixabay

Wikipedia

 

Top Stories

UK study: Evidence of waning antibody immunity to COVID-19 over time

Antibodies against the novel coronavirus declined rapidly in the British population during the summer, a study found on Tuesday, suggesting protection after infection may...

Worldwide coronavirus cases cross 43.32 million

More than 43.32 million people have been reported to be infected by the novel coronavirus globally and 1,156,285​ have died, according to a Reuters...

Foreign Ministers of Greece-Cyprus-Israel meet in Athens

A trilateral meeting of the Foreign Affairs Ministers of Greece, Cyprus, and Israel takes place in Athens on Tuesday. The agenda of the meeting includes...

President Anastasiades reiterates Cyprus problem solution based on UN resolutions

Cyprus President Nicos Anastasiades has reiterated the unwavering commitment of his government to a solution of the Cyprus problem based on UN resolutions, the...

Erdogan provocatively says it’s time for two-state solution in Cyprus

Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan has said it was time for a realistic proposal about a two-state solution on the divided island of Cyprus to be discussed,...

Taste

Squash soup

Ingredients: 1 kg pumpkin, cut into small cubes, approximately 5 cups 2 medium (400g) sweet potatoes, cut into cubes, approximately 2 ½ cups 1 chopped leek, only...

Mezedes

No visit to Cyprus is complete without enjoying the traditional meal of many small dishes known as ‘meze’. This large feast, which has been a...

Prawns with fried cheese, barley shaped pasta

Put the barley shaped pasta into a small pan with salted water, bring to a boil and when tender, drain. Peal the prawns leaving...

Salmon and shrimp sheftalies

Mix all ingredients for tabbouli in a bowl and keep to one side so flavours can combine. Prepare the sheftalies: wash and soak the casing...