News Coronavirus How does Coronavirus spread? - ECDC

How does Coronavirus spread? – ECDC

The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) answers the public’s questions on Covid-19.

Q: What is the mode of transmission? How (easily) does it spread?

A: While animals are believed to be the original source, the virus spread is now from person to person (human-to-human transmission). There is not enough epidemiological information at this time to determine how easily this virus spreads between people, but it is currently estimated that, on average, one infected person will infect between two and three other people.

The virus seems to be transmitted mainly via small respiratory droplets through sneezing, coughing, or when people interact with each other for some time in close proximity (usually less than one metre). These droplets can then be inhaled, or they can land on surfaces that others may come into contact with, who can then get infected when they touch their nose, mouth or eyes. The virus can survive on different surfaces from several hours (copper, cardboard) up to a few days (plastic and stainless steel). However, the amount of viable virus declines over time and may not always be present in sufficient numbers to cause infection.

The incubation period for COVID-19 (i.e. the time between exposure to the virus and onset of symptoms) is currently estimated to bet between one and 14 days.

We know that the virus can be transmitted when people who are infected show symptoms such as coughing. There is also some evidence suggesting that transmission can occur from a person that is infected even two days before showing symptoms; however, uncertainties remain about the effect of transmission by  non-symptomatic persons.

Source: European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)

Top Stories

Where to get antigen rapid tests on Monday, 25 January

The Health Ministry announced the following antigen rapid test sites for Monday, 25 January 2021:   LIMASSOL Parking place Lidl supermarket, Limassol 08:30-16:30 Parking place Sklavenitis supermarket, Germasoyia...

130 new cases, three deaths announced on Sunday

The Health Ministry announced the death of three persons due to COVID-19. This raises the death toll from the virus in Cyprus to 186,...

-2 C on Troodos Mountain tonight

Tonight the weather will be mainly fine. Winds will be north-westerly to north-easterly, moderate, force 3 Beaufort. The sea will be slight to rough. The temperature...

Health Ministry to examine use of colchicine for COVID-19 patients

Regarding the use of colchicine to patients with COVID-19, due to relevant announcements made in Greece and Canada, the Advisory Committee of the Health...

Expert says lifting of all measures possible by March, if epidemiological figures allow it

Dr Petros Karayiannis, member of the Scientific Committee on the pandemic and Professor of Microbiology/Molecular Virology at the University of Nicosia Medical School has...

Taste

Squash soup

Ingredients: 1 kg pumpkin, cut into small cubes, approximately 5 cups 2 medium (400g) sweet potatoes, cut into cubes, approximately 2 ½ cups 1 chopped leek, only...

Mezedes

No visit to Cyprus is complete without enjoying the traditional meal of many small dishes known as ‘meze’. This large feast, which has been a...

Prawns with fried cheese, barley shaped pasta

Put the barley shaped pasta into a small pan with salted water, bring to a boil and when tender, drain. Peal the prawns leaving...

Salmon and shrimp sheftalies

Mix all ingredients for tabbouli in a bowl and keep to one side so flavours can combine. Prepare the sheftalies: wash and soak the casing...