Manolis Glezos, a prominent Greek whose act of defiance against Nazi occupation during World War Two was a rallying cry for the country’s resistance movement, died on Monday, authorities said. He was 97.
Revered across Greece’s political spectrum, Glezos was most famous for scaling the steep walls of the Acropolis with a friend in 1941 to take down the swastika and replace it with the Greek flag.
It was the first visible act of resistance against the Nazis occupying Greece.
Glezos died of heart failure at a central Athens hospital, where he was admitted on March 18.
With his white mane of hair and thick moustache, Glezos was a recognisable fixture in leftist politics.
He braved police teargas at protest rallies against tough cuts imposed in exchange for international bailouts that kept the Greek economy afloat between 2010 and 2015.
A member of the Socialist PASOK party which he represented in the European Parliament, Glezos gradually migrated further to the political left.
At the age of 91, in 2014, he became a member of the European Parliament representing Syriza, the left-wing party which came to power in 2015. He resigned a year later.
Asked what had kept him at the forefront of politics for so long, Glezos told Reuters in 2012 that it was the memories of dead comrades.
“Before every battle, every protest, we told each other: ‘If you live, don’t forget me’. I am paying a debt to those I lost during those difficult years. My only regret is that I haven’t done more.”