News World FACTBOX-Party time: Groups in EU parliament

FACTBOX-Party time: Groups in EU parliament

National parties in the newly elected European Parliament line up in pan-EU groups. These are in some flux following the vote, especially on the eurosceptic right, but in the outgoing legislature the eight groups were:

EUROPEAN PEOPLE’S PARTY (EPP – 180 seats in new legislature)

Manfred Weber

Lead candidate: Manfred Weber, 46, German, EPP parliamentary leader

Centre-right: favours free trade and business

Notables: German Chancellor Angela Merkel; outgoing European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker; Italian ex-premier Silvio Berlusconi; Polish EU summit chair Donald Tusk; Hungarian leader Viktor Orban, who is at risk of being expelled for anti-EU nationalism.

SOCIALISTS AND DEMOCRATS (S&D – 146 seats)

Frans Timmermans

Lead candidate: Frans Timmermans, 58, Dutch, deputy head of European Commission, former foreign minister

Centre-left: favours worker’s rights, minimum corporate tax

Notables: Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez; Italian ex-premier Matteo Renzi; Swedish and Portuguese premiers.

ALLIANCE OF LIBERALS AND DEMOCRATS (ALDE – 109)

Margrethe Vestager

Lead candidates include: Margrethe Vestager, 51, Danish, EU antitrust commissioner, former economy minister; Guy Verhofstadt, 66, Belgian, ALDE leader, former prime minister

Liberal centre: favour free trade, stronger EU integration

Notables: French President Emmanuel Macron, though he is yet to formally link to ALDE; Dutch Prime Minister Mark Rutte; premiers of Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Luxembourg, Estonia

GREENS (69)

Ska Keller

Lead candidates: Ska Keller, 37, German, MEP since 2009; Bas Eickhout, 42, Dutch, MEP since 2009

Ecology: left-leaning, seek clean energy and environment

Notables: no national leaders; EU party leader, veteran Belgian MEP Philippe Lamberts; one high-profile government figure was Joschka Fischer, German foreign minister 1998-2005

EUROPEAN CONSERVATIVES AND REFORMERS (ECR – 59)

Jan Zahradil

Lead candidate: Jan Zahradil, 55, Czech, MEP since 2004

Eurosceptic: founded in 2009 when British Conservative leader David Cameron quit EPP to oppose deeper EU integration

Notables: Polish ruling party leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski; Flemish nationalist N-VA leader Bart de Wever; Jimmie Akesson of anti-immigration Sweden Democrats; and — for this week at least — British Prime Minister Theresa May

EUROPE OF NATIONS AND FREEDOM (ENF – 58)

No lead candidate; expect group to reshuffle after election

Anti-immigration: founded in 2015 by French National Rally’s Marine Le Pen and Dutch Freedom Party’s Geert Wilders

Other notables: Matteo Salvini, Italian deputy premier from The League, biggest far-right party in new Parliament

EUROPE OF FREEDOM AND DIRECT DEMOCRACY (EFDD – 54)

Luigi Di Maio

No lead candidate; expect group to reshuffle after election

Anti-EU: formed in 2014 by Nigel Farage, then leader of UK Independence Party, now of the Brexit Party; key ally Italy’s 5-Star expected to shift to more centrist group after election

Other notables: Italian deputy premier Luigi Di Maio of 5-Star; Joerg Meuthen, co-leader of Alternative for Germany

EUROPEAN UNITED LEFT (GUE – 39)

Nico Cue

Lead candidates: Nico Cue, 62, Belgian, trade union leader; Violeta Tomic, 56, Slovenia, actor, Slovenian parliamentarian

Far left: anti-austerity, want more spending, trade control

Notables: Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras

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