News Local April's featured endemic plant: Tulipa cypria

April’s featured endemic plant: Tulipa cypria

The Ministry of Agriculture introduces the rare Tulipa cypria(Cypriot tulip) that blooms in spring as part of its regular feature that aims to present to the public some of the 141 species and sub-species of plants that only grow in Cyprus.

The name of the genus Tulipa comes from the Turkish word tülbent meaning ‘turban’ due to the likeness of the flower to a turban. The adjective cypria specifies the plant’s endemic origin; Cyprus.

The genus Tulipa belongs to the family of Liliaceae that comprises about 100 species of plants that originate in Europe, West and Central Asia as well as North Africa. In Cyprus, the genus is represented by 3 species; the endemic Tulipa akamasica and Tulipa cypria and the acclimated foreign species Tulipa agenensis.

Tulipa cypria is found in four locations in Cyprus: the Akamas peninsula, the wider Kormakitis-Myrtou-Panagra area, between Mammari and Deneia, and more recently in the Karpasia peninsula, near the village of Ayios Symeon.

It grows around cereal crops, in grazing grounds and near juniper shrubs (Juniperus phoenicea), at an altitude of 100 m – 300 m.

The species is generally threatened by over-collection and poor regeneration while its underpopulation in Akamas is also threatened by overgrazing. In the Kormakitis-Panagra-Myrtou area, the tulips are threatened by residential development and the use of herbicides.

Tulipa cypria is included in Annexes II & IV of the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC), effectively requiring its preservation within Natura 2000 protected areas. It is also listed as Endangered in the Red Book of Cyprus Flora.

The total population fluctuates significantly each year depending on weather conditions and counts more than 6,000 individual flowers.

The population in the Akamas National Park is located on state forest land and is part of the Natura 2000 network.

The species is also preserved in the Forestry Department’s botanical gardens and in seed banks.

Read more:

Top Stories

160 new cases of COVID-19 on Friday

The Health Ministry announced 160 new COVID-19 cases on 23 October, out of 4,327 laboratory tests, taking confirmed infections to 3,314. The break-down of new...

Health Ministry insists there is confirmed case among American Center staff

The Health Ministry replied to the denial of the American Medical Center regarding a confirmed case among its staff. In an announcement the Ministry noted...

Health Ministry replies to accusation about delay of the tracing unit

The tracing unit contacts the persons who have tested positive to COVID-19 as soon as it is informed by the relevant laboratories and the...

Professor of Microbiology concerned about asymptomatic patients

Dr Petros Karayiannis, Professor of Microbiology/Molecular Virology at the University of Nicosia Medical School, has expressed concern over the great number of private hospitals,...

30-year-old missing for seven months (PHOTO)

Police are looking for 30-year old NAKITA YASMEEN from the United Kingdom, whose traces have been lost since March 2020. Yasmeen’s disappearance was today...

Taste

Squash soup

Ingredients: 1 kg pumpkin, cut into small cubes, approximately 5 cups 2 medium (400g) sweet potatoes, cut into cubes, approximately 2 ½ cups 1 chopped leek, only...

Mezedes

No visit to Cyprus is complete without enjoying the traditional meal of many small dishes known as ‘meze’. This large feast, which has been a...

Prawns with fried cheese, barley shaped pasta

Put the barley shaped pasta into a small pan with salted water, bring to a boil and when tender, drain. Peal the prawns leaving...

Salmon and shrimp sheftalies

Mix all ingredients for tabbouli in a bowl and keep to one side so flavours can combine. Prepare the sheftalies: wash and soak the casing...