Discover History 8200 – 1050 BC

8200 – 1050 BC

Prehistoric Age The very first signs of permanent settlement in Cyprus date from the Neolithic age (8200-3800 BC). While copper is mined in small quantities during the next period, the Chalcolithic age (3800-2400 BC), this brings about only minor changes in the way of life of the people. In both the Neolithic and the Chalcolithic ages the Cypriots lived in single room dwellings, used stone tools and vessels, made jewellery out of picrolite, ate fish, cereals, lamb and goat’s meat and buried their dead within their settlements.

The earliest pottery found dates back to the 5th millennium BC. The first significant cultural changes affecting all aspects of society took place around 2400-2200 BC, towards the end of the Chalcolithic age and at the beginning of the Early Bronze age. Instead of building cylindrically-shaped dwellings, people began to construct multi-room oblong structures, started to process copper in jewellery, applied the plough for agriculture and began to bury their dead in organised cemeteries.

Despite the fact that these developments contributed to the economic growth that occurred both during the Early (2400-1900 BC) and Middle (1900-1650 BC) Bronze age periods, people still lived in small hinterland villages. Communication and trade with the surrounding Mediterranean lands was limited.

The Late Bronze age (1650-1050 BC) was the first period of prehistoric Cyprus when tangible and irrefutable evidence exists that a number of significant developments occurred. These include the establishment of coastal towns, intensive mining of copper and other metals, development of a writing script, contact and trade with the neighbouring regions of Egypt, the Middle East, the Aegean and the wider Eastern Mediterranean area.

From the latter part of the 13th century BC successive waves of mainland Greeks begin to settle in Cyprus. Hence, Mycenaean pottery is imported in great quantities from the Aegean (Greece) and used extensively, both in everyday life as well as for religious ceremonies. Later it is reproduced locally and incorporated in the island’s ceramic tradition.

Top Stories

Minister of Agriculture presents the Strategy for Biodiversity of Cyprus

The Government has presented on Friday the Strategy for Biodiversity of Cyprus, which includes thirteen strategic goals for the decade 2020-2030. The Action Plan...

Government, social partners kick off talks on support measures

  The government, employers and trade unions on Friday launched discussions on a package to support employment post-June 12 when the current schemes end. Employer associations...

Significant funding opportunities for Cyprus in the post-COVID era under European Green Deal

Aiming at a climate-neutral European Union by 2050, the European Green Deal is becoming the main tool for the recovery of the economy in...

Two coronavirus cases on Friday, total at 960

  Two people have tested positive for coronavirus in Cyprus from a total of 1836 tests, the Health Ministry said on Friday. One was from repatriations...

BA owner considers legal challenge to UK quarantine as relations fray

    The owner of British Airways is considering a legal challenge to Britain's quarantine plan, as relations between airlines and the government are frayed by...

Taste

Poulles (Υoung kolokassi)

Either you thrash the coriander seeds in a mortar, without making them into dust, or you gradually crush them in a blender. Remove the edges...

Pork cooked in wine

Crush the coriander seeds in a pestle and mortar or pulse-blend in a blender, taking care not to over-grind. Put the meat in bowl (not...

Lefkaritikos tavas – O ‘protinos’

Wash and dry the meat and rice separately. In a ‘tava’ (oven proof deep clay pot) first put a layer of five-six pieces of meat...

Local cuisine: An introduction

Rich in fresh ingredients and tasty herbs, offers the very best of Mediterranean culinary delights. Head out to a tavern and feast on a...